Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Prof. Ibrahim Pantami on Tuesday acknowledged that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) server recorded more than 12 million attacks from both within and outside Nigeria Cyber space including INEC Server on February 25.
Pantami stated that the Federal Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy as part of its mandate ensured adequate protection of Nigeria’s cyberspace to a level that citizens will have confidence in digital services.
He set up the Committee chaired by the Board Chairman of NCC and with the CEOs of NCC, NITDA and GBB as members, charged with the responsibilities of protecting the cyber space successfully blocked these attacks and/or escalated them to the relevant institutions for appropriate action.
In a statement signed by Mrs. Uwa Suleiman, Spokesperson to the Minister, noted that the activities of the committee started on 24th February 2023 and ended on 28th February 2023.
The committee was charged with the responsibilities of Monitoring of Telecommunication Infrastructure for the successful conduct of credible, free, fair, and transparent elections; Developing and implementing plans to enhance the resilience of critical digital infrastructure against cyber threats; Designing procedures and using technologies to prevent, detect, and respond to cyber attacks, as well as developing the ability to recover from any damage that is done quickly;Developing a comprehensive risk assessment, analyzing the nation’s current cybersecurity capabilities, and identifying gaps that need to be addressed; and Providing professional advice to the Government on the effective utilization of digital technologies in the conduct of the 2023 General Elections.
Suleiman said: “During this period, a series of hacking attempts were recorded, including Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS), email and IPS attacks, SSH Login Attempts, Brute force Injection attempts, Path Traversal, Detection Evasion, and Forceful Browsing.
“A total of 12,988,978 attacks were recorded, originating from both within and outside Nigeria. It is worth noting that the Centers successfully blocked these attacks and/or escalated them to the relevant institutions for appropriate action.”
The minister explained that in the run-up to the 2023 general elections, threat intelligence revealed an astronomical increase in cyber threats to Nigerian cyberspace, adding that generally, threats to public websites and portals averaged 1,550,000 daily.
He stated further that this skyrocketed to 6,997,277 on presidential Election Day and monitoring Nigeria’s Cyberspace before, during and after the 2023 presidential elections.
Pantami, said: “As part of its mandate, the Ministry is expected to ensure adequate protection of Nigeria’s cyberspace to a level that citizens will have confidence in digital services. This mandate aligns with the goals and objectives of the National Digital Economy Policy and Strategy for a Digital Nigeria (NDEPS).
“In line with this mandate and in our efforts at supporting the initiatives of securing the Nigerian cyberspace, the parastatals under the supervision of the Ministry have established Cybersecurity Centers, namely, the National Information Technology (NITDA)’s Computer Emergency Readiness and Response Team (CERRT), the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC)’s Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT), and Galaxy Backbone (GBB)’s Security Operations Centre (SOC).
“These Centers were established between 2020 and 2022 in line with the Minister’s policy directives and have been monitoring Nigerian cyberspace for potential threats and taking appropriate actions to mitigate them, both individually and collectively as well as in collaboration with other stakeholders.”
As a professor of cybersecurity and one that is very passionate about ensuring a safe and secure cyberspace, Pantami, directed all the parastatals to enhance their 24/7 monitoring of the networks and traffic for potential attacks from 24th February 2023 to 27th February 2023, adding that it accounted for the setting up of the committee on 24th February 2023, for the Protection of Nigerian Cyberspace and ICT Infrastructure.
He acknowledged that the parastatals, under the supervision of the Ministry have played a crucial role in providing the enabling environment for the successful conduct of a credible, free, fair, and transparent election.
The Minister applauded all stakeholders in the digital economy ecosystem for their support that resulted into this this unprecedented success.
According to the minister “More importantly these attainments are as a result of the commitment of the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari, towards ensuring Nigeria’s successful transition into the digital economy.
“The digital economy sector has enjoyed continued support of the President and it is highly appreciated. He also hopes that lessons learned during the process will be put to effective use in subsequent elections.”